Ankle Arthritis: Treatment In Plano, TX

by Administrator 25. April 2016 12:37

The ankle joint comprises of three bones, tibia, fibula and talus, which enable the movement of the foot. Ankle Arthritis is a condition which involves inflammation of the cartilage in the joint.  It results in wearing out of the cartilage causing the bones to rub against each other, leading to pain in the ankle. The condition is more commonly seen in the elderly.

Types Of Arthritis 

Causes

  • Injury: Sudden trauma or injury to the ankle can lead to the condition. It can also be caused by repetitive ankle sprains.
  • Genetic factors: People having a family member suffering from Ankle Arthritis are more likely to develop the condition.
  • Deformity: Bone spurs or any other deformity in the ankle joint can also be a reason for Ankle Arthritis.

Symptoms 

  • Pain 
  • Tenderness
  • Swelling 
  • Stiffness in joint 
  • Difficulty in walking 

Diagnosis

The doctor may physically examine the ankle and evaluate the symptoms. Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scan and MRI may be conducted to determine the severity of the condition. Blood tests may also be recommended to diagnose the type of Arthritis.  

Treatment 

  • Assistive devices: Using assistive devices such as a brace and orthotics shoe insert can provide support to the foot. Customized shoes with stiff soles can also be worn to reduce pressure on the foot.
  • Medications: Anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed by the ankle specialist to relieve pain and discomfort. He may also recommend if the pain does not subside by medications.
  • Rest: Sufficient rest may be provided to the affected area. The doctor may advise avoiding the activities that may aggravate the condition. 
  • Physical therapy:  The doctor may suggest specific exercises to strengthen the foot and ankle muscles. Physical therapy may also help in improving flexibility of the ankle joint.     

Surgical treatment 

  • Arthroscopic debridement: In this procedure, the surgeons may make small incisions to remove loose cartilage as well as bone spurs from the ankle joint to provide relief from pain. 
  • Arthrodesis: The surgeons may fuse the bones of the ankle joint to eliminate movement and reduce pain. Metal pins, plates and rods may be used to hold the bones together till they fuse.
  • Arthroplasty- It involves using artificial implants to completely replace the damaged cartilage. This procedure may help to restore the functionality of ankle joint. 

For comprehensive treatment of Ankle Arthritis, visit Dr. Desai. To schedule an appointment with the foot and ankle surgeon in Plano, TX, you can call at (972) 985 – 1072.

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Orthopedic Treatment For Ankle Pain

by Administrator 23. March 2015 07:24

The ankle is a hinge joint consisting of a complex network of bones, ligaments, tissues and tendons. It provides motion to the foot and bears the maximum body weight. As a result, pain and injuries to the ankle are quite common. Ankle pain can be felt on the outer portion, inner part or along the Achilles tendon in the heel. Although the condition can be caused due to various reasons, the most common of them is an ankle sprain.

Mainly, there are 4 different categories of ankle pain:

  • Acute Ankle Pain: This occurs due to a sudden sprain or fracture in the ankle.
  • Medial Ankle Pain: This refers to the pain in the inner part of the ankle.
  • Lateral Ankle Pain: This is when the pain is felt at the outer portion of the ankle.
  • Anterior Ankle Pain: This occurs at the front of the ankle.

Causes

  • Ankle Sprain: This is the most common cause of ankle pain and occurs due to sudden twisting or bending of the joint. As a result, the ligaments and tendons get stretched and torn. Sprains are quite common in sportspersons but can occur to almost anybody.
  • Weak Ankles: This can be due to several reasons such as genetic factors, overuse of the joint, previous injury or excessive body weight.
  • Arthritis: This is a condition that causes inflammation of the joint. As a result, the ankle becomes weak and inflamed.
  • Achilles Tendinitis: This condition affects the Achilles tendon, the band of tissue that joins the heel bones to the calf muscles in the lower leg. People having this condition often feel pain at the back of the ankle.

Symptoms

  • Pain while walking, running or climbing stairs
  • Redness and visible discoloration around the ankle
  • Inflammation and swelling
  • Dull or persistent pain

Diagnosis

The ankle surgeon conducts a thorough physical examination to look for any visible signs of injury in the ankle. He may also recommend certain imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans or MRI, to diagnose the exact cause of ankle pain.

Treatment

  • RICE Approach: This is an ideal treatment option for mild to moderate ankle pain. The patient must take proper rest, apply ice pack in the affected area, compress the joint with the bandage and keep it elevated above the heart level.
  • Anti-Inflammatory Medications: The ankle surgeon may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications to help the patient find relief from the pain and discomfort.
  • Ankle Support: Wearing shoe inserts and heel pads may also help to provide support to the ankle and reduce pain.
  • Surgery: If the ankle pain is a result of a severe fracture of other underlying orthopedic condition, the patient may need to undergo surgery.

For comprehensive treatment of ankle pain, consult Dr. Desai in Plano, TX. To schedule an appointment with the ankle surgeon, you can call at (972) 985 – 1072.

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