Orthopedic Treatment For Achilles Tendon Injury

by Administrator 15. May 2014 12:13

The Achilles tendon is the largest and one of the strongest tendons of the body, connecting muscles in the calf region to the heel bone. These tendons provide support and strength to the legs and are responsible for much of the mobility we possess. Although it is one of the strongest tendons found in the body, the Achilles tendon can be vulnerable to injury, especially for people who are in the sporting profession. Any injury to the Achilles tendon can result in extreme pain, loss of mobility and stability and debilitation. In such cases, orthopedic treatment should be sought immediately.

Causes

Achilles tendon injuries can be caused by a variety of different reasons like impact damage, wear and tear from overuse, and poor leg alignment. Mostly, cases of Achilles tendon injury are seen among athletes and sportsmen who use their legs heavily. Among common people, these injuries can occur as a result of flawed exercise routines, wrong posture or damage resulting from impacts like bumps and falls. Wearing footwear which stresses your feet out can also be a cause of a damaged Achilles tendon. People who have flat feet or over pronation can also be increasingly susceptible to this problem.

Symptoms

The most usual symptom associated with Achilles tendon injury is a sensation of acute pain in the heel region of the foot. This pain can become extreme after long periods of inactivity or exercise such as walking or running. There can also be instances of inflammation in the region and cases of loss of balance and mobility and a general weakening of the foot. You might also feel some sluggishness in the affected leg, resulting in difficulty in standing and walking.

Treatment

Orthopedic treatment for Achilles tendon injuries generally starts with a proper diagnosis of the problem. This can be achieved with the help of a thorough physical examination accompanied by procedures such as x-rays. In mild cases, prescribed treatment is usually non-surgical and may contain rest, immobilization through the use of casts and stints, application of ice packs and over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication. Patients might also be prescribed by an orthopedic surgeon to use crutches for support while walking. In more serious cases like when the tendon gets ruptured the only option is to go for a tendon repair surgery, which can be followed by a detailed post-operation rehabilitation and pain management procedures. In certain cases, physical therapy can also prove to be a great help for people affected with Achilles tendon injury.

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