Orthopedic Treatment For Bunions

by Administrator 22. September 2014 11:13

A bunion is an abnormal, bony bump that develops at the joint that connects the big toe to the foot. When this occurs, the big toe digresses in the direction of other toes forcing the joint to swell and push out. The visible bump is a reflection of the changes in the bony structure of the joint between foot and toe.

Bunions generally develop gradually beginning with a leaning of the big toe and progressively altering the angle of the bone. Over the years, the bump becomes sore and gets increasingly noticeable.


Bunions mainly develop as a result of uneven pressure, due to shifting or bearing your weight, on the tendons and joints of the feet. This disproportion in pressure leads to the joint of the toe being unstable, and, eventually framing the joint parts into a hard lump that bulges out of the normal structure of the foot. Some other causes of bunions include:

  • Foot injuries
  • Congenital deformities of the foot
  • Wearing high heeled , tight or narrow pointed shoes
  • Inherited shape of foot
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis


  • A protruding bump on the exterior of the joint between the toe and foot
  • Stiffening of the skin at the base of the big toe
  • Redness, soreness and swelling around the joint
  • Intermittent and persistent pain
  • Burning sensation
  • Possible numbness
  • Difficulty while moving the big toe
  • Calluses or corns- these are often seen at the point where the first toe joins with the second toe.


Treatment options may vary depending upon the severity of the symptoms.

Non-surgical options:

  • Medications: Anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed to reduce the pain and distress caused due to bunion.
  • Changing shoes: Wear shoes that are comfortable, roomy and provide sufficient space for your toes.
  • Padding or splinting: The orthopedic doctor may suggest padding your foot in the normal position to reduce strain on the bunion.
  • Ice packs: Applying ice on the bunion can also help to get rid of inflammation and soreness.
  • Shoe inserts: Inserting padding inside the shoes can help to distribute pressure evenly, thus, reducing the pain and preventing the bunion from worsening.

Surgical options

If conservative treatments fail to provide relief, surgery might be needed. Surgical procedures for the treatment of bunion are performed to:

  • Straighten out the big toe by removing the bone part.
  • Remove the enlarged tissue from the joint of the big toe.
  • Connect the affected join bones perpetually.

While selecting the correct treatment option for your problem, the orthopedic surgeon might consider various factors such as the extent of the disfigurement, your activity level, age and the like. Complete recovery may take up to weeks or months. 

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