Hammer Toe: Orthopedic Treatment In Plano, TX

by Administrator 21. January 2015 09:12

Hammer Toe is a deformity of toe that causes it to bend downwards instead of pointing forward. The toe starts resembling a hammer and the condition often occurs along with other toe problems. Hammer Toe often occurs over time due to ill-fitted shoes, Arthritis or can be present at birth. The condition can affect any toe, which can either be stiff or flexible.

Causes of Hammer Toe

The toe is made of two joints that help it bend at the middle and bottom. The dislocation of the middle joint causes Hammer Toe.

  • Arthritis
  • A toe injury
  • Muscle imbalance that puts pressure on the joint
  • Wearing Ill-fitted shoes
  • Pointed, high heeled shoes
  • A high foot arch
  • Tightened tendons or ligaments in the foot
  • The condition may be congenital


  • Pain
  • Discomfort while walking
  • Curling or claw-like toes
  • Thickening of skin above and below affected toe
  • Corns or calluses
  • Inability to flex your foot
  • Redness and swelling in the toe joint


The orthopedic doctor will physically examine your toe and recommend imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, etc. to determine the extent of dislocation of the joint. He may also ask you some questions related to the cause of the muscle, bone or ligament injury in your toe.


Depending upon the severity of Hammer Toe, there are different treatments available that can help in correcting the bent toe. If the reason is wearing ill fitted shoes, then the problem can be corrected by wearing shoes with the right fit. In case the cause is high arch, then Hammer Toe can be treated by wearing insoles in the shoes or toe pads. The pads shift the position of the toe and assist in correcting the appearance of the toe. In case there is too much pain and deformity, then the orthopedic physician recommends surgery. The surgery is performed on outpatient basis and the deformed or injured bone is removed surgically.

Stretching the toes can help relieve pain and reposition the affected toes. By wearing properly fitting shoes, you can avoid Hammer Toe. You should wear shoes that are longer by at least half an inch and fit comfortable. You should flatten your toes regularly and wear toe-friendly shoes to prevent developing the condition.

For diagnosis and treatment of Hammer Toe, visit Dr. Desai in Plano, TX. To schedule an appointment with the foot and ankle surgeon, call at (972) 985-1072.

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