Flat Feet: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 23. November 2015 08:15

Flat Feet, or Fallen Arches is a painful disorder, in which the foot arch collapses and flattens. The sole of the feet touches the ground without creating any arch. The condition is usually not a problem, but it may lead to intense pain in the feet, leg, ankle, hips or lower back. Overpronation (rolling of feet inwards) can lead to injuries and also cause joint misalignments. Flat Feet is common among young children, however, they may develop arch as they grow.

Causes

  • Torn or stretched tendons
  • Inflammation or damage of the Posterior Tibial Tendon (PTT)
  • Missing arch since birth
  • Genetic factors
  • Dislocated or broken bones
  • Nerve issues
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis and other health issues
  • Other factors such as pregnancy, Diabetes, obesity and aging

Symptoms

  • Intense pain, particularly in the arch or heel
  • Aching feet after prolonged walking, standing or playing sports
  • Swelling at the bottom of the feet
  • Difficulty standing on the toes
  • Leg and back pain
  • Toes pointing outward while walking
  • Foot deformity

Diagnosis

The physician may ask the patient to stand to assess the formation of arch. He may check if the entire feet touch the ground without forming any arch. If an arch is formed while sitting, then the patient may have Flexible Flat Feet. The orthopedic doctor may recommend certain imaging tests like X-ray, CT scan and MRI to confirm the condition.

Treatment

Usually, people do not require any treatment for Flat Feet; however, if the condition is painful, the orthopedic physician may suggest the following treatment options:

  • Using Arch support: To relieve pain, the physician may recommend the patient to use orthotic devices, such as arch support. One can get customized arch support that is molded to the contours of the feet.
  • Supportive shoes: The patient may have to wear orthotic shoe inserts or special shoes if the Flat Foot deformity is rigid.
  • Stretching exercises: The orthopedic physician may refer the patient to a physiotherapist who will suggest certain stretching exercises to ease the symptoms. Flat Feet is often accompanied by shortened Achilles tendon, so stretching exercises may also be needed.

Surgery

Surgery may be required to repair the tendons and fuse the joints in the foot. Surgery is usually not required; however, in severe cases, it may help in reducing pain and improving foot function.

Dr. Desai is a renowned foot and ankle surgeon serving the residents of Plano, TX. He provides comprehensive treatment for Flat Feet and other foot conditions. To schedule an appointment, you can call at (972) 985-1072 or visit 4031 West Plano Parkway, Suite 100, Plano, Texas 75093.

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