Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 27. March 2017 03:22

Tarsal tunnel encompasses nerves, arteries and tendons that provide movement and flexibility to the foot. The tibial nerve passes through this narrow passageway and provides sensation to the bottom of the foot. The condition when the tibial nerve gets compressed, is referred to as Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome. It is commonly observed in adults.


  • Flat feet or fallen arches that put strain or compress the tibial nerve
  • Diseases such as Diabetes, Arthritis, Overpronation, Tenosynovitis etc.
  • Swelling due to an ankle sprain that lays pressure on the nerve.
  • A varicose vein ( veins become dilated, enlarged  and filled with blood)
  • Ganglion Cyst
  • A swollen tendon or a bony spur
  • Fusion of two of the tarsal bones.


  • Pain and numbness
  • Tingling or a burning sensation
  • Affliction worsens while running or standing for prolong periods
  • Difficulty in bearing weight on the foot


The doctor may begin by conducting a thorough physical examination. In this he may apply pressure on the affected area. If the patients feels pain and tingling, it is considered a positive sign for the condition. To have a clearer picture of the problem, doctor may ask for imaging tests like MRI or Electromyography.


Conservative Treatment

The doctor may recommend conventional mode of treatment to eliminate the symptoms. He may ask the patients to take rest and avoid activities that cause pain. The doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medicines, painkillers and icing to reduce inflammation. Rehabilitation exercises that strengthen the foot muscles may also be recommended by the doctors. 

Surgical Treatment – 

In case the patient does not gets relief from conservative mode of treatment, the orthopedic surgeon may recommend a surgery. To begin the procedure he may putt a compression band above the ankle to prevent excessive bleeding. He may then and make a small incision at the back of the ankle to isolate the laciniate ligament, which relieves pressure from the nerve.  At last, the wounds are closed with sutures and bandages.

Prevention Tips –

  • Warm up before a strenuous workout
  • Wear proper fitted shoes and sports equipment
  • Exercise daily to maintain the muscle strength.

For complete diagnosis and treatment of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome, visit Dr. Desai. To schedule an appointment with the foot and ankle surgeon in Plano, TX, you can call at (972) 985 – 1072.

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