Turf Toe: Orthopedic Treatment In Plano

by Administrator 26. October 2016 08:18

The bones of the toes and the base of the foot connect together through soft tissues (ligaments) and the joint that they form is called the metatarsophalangeal joint. Stress caused to the ligament that lies right beneath the big toe of the foot is medically termed as a Turf Toe. Flexing the foot, particularly the toes, in an unnatural position stretched the ligaments way beyond their capacity. As a result, some fibers of the tissue may fall apart or the entire ligament may be torn. In severe cases, the bones and nerves around the ligament may also be damaged.

Causes

  • Excessive upwards bending of the big toe stretches the ligament and causes it to snap
  • Wearing soft shoes does not give adequate support to the toes and they are at a greater risk of being bent in the wrong way
  • Indulging in activities such as martial arts which involve swift foot movements pose a risk of injury to the big toe
  • Running or playing a game on hard rigid surfaces such as artificial turfs causes this injury
  • Ballet dancing which focuses the entire body weight on the toes

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • The toe may be tender when touched
  • Redness, discoloration or bruising
  • Loss of flexibility in the foot and big toe
  • In case of sudden injury, the symptoms develop immediately and tend to aggravate within a few hours
  • A popping sound at the time of injury

Diagnosis

  • X-ray imaging of the foot to assess the level of damage and check for broken bones if any
  • The doctor may ask about the patient's lifestyle, physical activities, shoes that they wear, time and mode of injury
  • The injured foot is clinically examined and compared to the uninjured foot to draw conclusions
  • MRI, CT scan or a bone scan may be additionally required

Treatment

  • Cold therapy- applying ice packs at regular intervals for two days controls the pain and swelling
  • Anti inflammatory medicines and pain killers may be used as prescribed
  • Soft compression using a bandage can help support the injured toe. However this should be done for a short duration at a times as it may restrict the blood flow to the lower extremities
  • Use of crutches to prevent weight bearing is recommended
  • Firm soled shoes should be worn to avoid further injury of bending of the big toe
  • Specific foot exercises are generally prescribed to keep the foot flexibility intact
  • A special technique known as the turf toe taping may be used to promote healing
  • The foot should be kept elevated while resting
  • Immobilization using a cast or walking boots may be an alternative

Surgery may be required if the ligament is badly damaged and there may be additional injury to the bones or nerves around it.

Dr. Desai, a renowned orthopedic doctor in Plano, TX offers diagnosis and treatment for various ankle and foot conditions. For an appointment, feel free to call at (972) 985 – 1072.

Tags: ,

Comments are closed